People with diabetes should take special care of their mouth to help prevent oral health problems related to their condition such as: gum disease, cavities, delayed healing and tendency to infection, mouth ulcers (canker sores or sores), dysfunction of the salivary glands, fungal infection and lichen planus among others.
Gum and periodontal disease is the 6th complication of diabetes
When diabetes is not adequately controlled, high glucose levels in the saliva may help bacteria to thrive. In addition, diabetes reduces the body’s resistance to infection, hence the gums are among the tissues likely to be affected
Periodontal diseases are infections of the gum and bone that hold your teeth in place. Scientific studies show that patients with diabetes are 4.2X more likely to develop periodontal disease compared to healthy patients.
Some complications include:
• Gingivitis and periodontal diseases
• Mouth ulcers (canker sores), Tooth decays and Lichen planus.
• Fungal infections
• Delay in healing and tendency to infections
• Salivary glands dysfunction, that disturbs the flavour of foods
• Burning tongue syndrome
• Bad breath (halitosis)